Technology is everywhere and the way we live, research, learn and work is evolving! Throughout recent decades, we have seen a technological revolution comparable throughout scale to the transition to the modern world from the middle age. The deeper technological development, however, may only have just started; the virtual and physical worlds merge into the internet of Things.
Internet of Things (IoT) in Education has also seen willing entrants in the education sector, be it flipped classrooms, AR and VR based smart boards or access to safe learning spaces. Across fields like education and customer services, the Internet of Things has already had a significant impact. A research by Markets and Markets Research Pt. Ltd has been released and according to it, the IoT is expected to rise from $4.7 billion in 2018 to 11.2 billion by 2023 on the global education IoT market with a CAGR of 18.5%.
Education will also be affected as schools are using connected devices more effectively. The internet of things continues to enter the education sector and the students and educators and administrators collaborate more closely and obtain insights from data.
So, how can IoT affect this field precisely? Let us look closer!
Implications of the Use of IoT in Education
While technology is proliferating, especially in mobile devices, most education institutions still have to actively integrate it in learning. Most institutions have still not reached and interconnected and few teachers share information, except for research projects. Technology must be adopted in a massive way so that the Internet of Things can be fully realized and engaged in a more authentic and relevant education beyond the classroom.
Besides online tutorials and interactive classes, educational technology is advancing with the assistance of the Internet of Things towards greater transformation. The following are a few examples:
The researchers from AI have worked together to speed up the innovation cycle through studying. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) may be used for linking databases, analyzing research data and for gaining insight or information to further improve the study.
- Increasing Overall Efficiency
Streamlining schools ‘ day-to-day operations using IoT helps to focus more on actual teaching tasks by reducing the time and effort needed to manually execute these practices. For instance, connected devices that automatically detect students can remove the need for manual attendance and the delivery of information at a central office, including time-consuming tasks. For greater efficiency, RFID technology may track the whereabouts of laboratory equipment, projectors and other such tools. Through closely monitoring energy usage, IoT can also help to reduce energy costs for schools.
- Improved Global Networking Between Educators And Students
Students can now use connected devices such as digital highlighters and interactive boards to communicate with peers, teachers and educators around the world while sitting in the comfort of their home or classroom. Digital scanners help to know by moving text directly to smartphones. Similarly, interactive panels simplify and speed up learning through information receipt, reception and reciprocation.
Thus, students in class can interact with educators, mentors and peers worldwide using these devices.
- Improving Campus Safety
Digitized wristbands and identity cards allow schools to track students, staff and visitors. Information from the last known locations are kept on a server which helps to ensure that only the right people are reached in every place on campus. It also makes cashless payments through the use of digital wallets to prevent fraud and theft. Cards and wristbands are also digital wallets which make payment without cash.
The GPS-enabled bus tracking system allows students to go back and forth from school and parents to know where their children are.
- Smart / Connected Classrooms
In a smart classroom, AR-enabled smart boards show enriched videos on the subjects being discussed. Students have immersive experience using VR headsets. All these tools are connected to students and teachers personal gadgets in a linked classroom.
The instructor will load assignments and projects automatically onto the computers of his students as the education progresses, often by simply speaking the word assignment or task or project.
- Increased Efficiency in School Management
The streamlining of daily operations using the Internet of things helps teachers and school managers to focus more on education. This helps them to automate tasks that take time and effort to be done manually. For example, Connected devices can monitor the presence of students at school and avoid the need to manually attend and provide the information to a central office. RFID technology also tracks school resources including projectors and laboratory equipment. The Internet of Things also helps to reduce energy costs through energy management.
- Supplementing Enhanced Textbooks
Quick Response (QR) codes have been added to the schoolbooks. In addition to assignment and feedback, students may check these codes on their smartphones.
- Rich Learning Experience With Data Collection And Analysis
Students are now using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) chips to tag and track physical objects or even birds and animals around the clock, regardless of weather or other conditions, and schools have begun to initiate automatic data analysis using cloud-based applications.
Students receive a richer education experience because they can learn about the topics they would otherwise know only from their textbooks in real time. The Internet of Things is thus changing the education industry and promoting, speeding up and making learning safer.
- AI-Powered Research
Successful researchers have always worked together to promote creativity by learning from each other. AI and ML can be used to connect databases, analyze research data and gain insights that further stimulate research. As these integrated systems take over the interconnected systems, scientists can better focus on the research part.
Some Examples in Education Sector Where IoT Has Adopted
Several institutions related to education have already taken advantage of IoT technology, as stated. Technology firms offer customized IoT solutions from content creation, delivery of lessons and a better commitment to classroom administration and content administration.
Blackboard offers educational institutions solutions and services to resolve their most important and difficult problems. The blackboard experts help institutes leverage technology to turn the learning environment from student monitoring, data analytics and management in schools to personalized training, mobile learning and advanced learning management systems.
Promethean is a world leader in tools for digital presentations and teaching. The interactive displays allow teachers to create classroom exhibits in which students can use dry erasure writing to bring their own ideas as many times as they want. When the teachers use these presentations, student participation is stated to be very high. The interactive learning program on a cloud-based basis helps teachers, depending on student’s reaction to adjust their lessons in real time.
Kaltura is the leading video platform that allows every company to access videos. This helps teachers and students, through the latest technology, to create and manage video content. These videos are editable and can be distributed to any linked computer.
IoT can have a significant impact in a variety of areas, including logistics, customers, healthcare and many more. The IoT network can cause major disruptions in the field of education, given the projections for IoT development so the future looks even more promising. Around 20 billion things will go together by 2020, which has believed by some experts, while others estimate growth to be around 40-50 billion.